In the past decade application of biological sciences in agriculture has become more prominent. In 1989, genes were first inserted into corn using molecular techniques. By the 1990s, the farmers were growing millions of transgenic corns. The science of biotechnology is in its infancy for sure, but still, it has managed to create an influence in the field of agriculture.
Biotechnology is a way of manipulating the genetic characteristics of one living organism or its components to produce useful products such as pest-resistant crops, new bacterial strains, etc. Besides these reasons, there is also a growing concern over possible dangers from this area of science, as there are chances of mishaps that might lead to devastating effects.
Future of agricultural biotechnology
Improved agricultural traits: the upcoming transgenic Traits be such that the plants or crops ca
n be immune to insects and pests. It can prevent crop loss due to pest attacks. By this Technology not only there will be better crop yields but also better drought tolerance with healthier roots.
Improved food quality: this technology can give us food with improved quality. With the growing population and its growing need biotechnology can give us access to food with a better genetic pattern. Genetic engineering was done with the rice crop by scientists. Rice is one of the most consumed and preferred food in the world and has vitamin A genetically, but the vitamin A level reduces as it grows. The scientists tried reverse engineering and made it such that the vitamin A content raised in rice crops as they grew further.
Customization of medicine: is the customization of healthcare that is tailored to an individual patient’s genetic content or other molecular analyses such as genetic polymorphism for drug metabolism, is used to choose medical treatments. The science of biotechnology will enable personalized medicine. The soldiers can be checked in advance to find out if they have any potential vulnerabilities to make accurate treatments available for them. By 2025 personalized medicines are likely to pave the way.
Microbiome manipulation: microbiomes are a collection of different microbial populations that live in a specific niche, such as the gut, surface of the skin, mouth, soil, or even water. It is believed that the bacteria that live in our guts have been found to directly influence physiology. Probiotics containing the bacteria lactobacillus or Bifidobacterium are these days used to improve digestion processes. Manipulation of these microbiomes in a soldier’s stomach with the use of tailored probiotics, genome engineering, synthetic biology, or other approaches might result in resistance to disease and improved digestion.
Biomanufacturing: it uses biotechnology approaches to produce commodity products, molecules, or biologically based molecules that are used in the construction of materials. These days most efforts are focused on pharmaceutical production or bulk chemical products
Synthetic biology: a discipline that focuses on making synthetic organisms, living organism with properties that occurs artificially and not by nature. It offers a great promise in the controlled design of new technology using biological engineering. Though synthetic biology has great potential, there is a chance of synthetic organisms escaping and causing potential damage to the environment or might lead to the creation of a line of harmful creatures.
Gene therapy: gene therapy has proved to be a gift as it can cure incurable diseases using gene replacement technology. According to recent advances, people with sensitivity to certain chemicals can be made insensitive as well. By 2025 this line of research is expected to fly high.
Biotechnology can be Good for agriculture when utilized in the right way. The same can prove to be detrimental when exploited. Some of the best colleges that have BSc biotechnology courses belong to Hindusthan, Coimbatore. The institution aims to impart academic and non-academic skills in students. It is an institution that stands top among the educational institutions of the entire region.