Eczema is the skin disease affects your skin due to deficiency of oils and moisture. Scalp eczema is caused by seborrheic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis. Dandruff, seborrheic psoriasis and cradle cap for infants are the categories of eczema. Scalp eczema is not contagious. It is treatable but it will appear again in due course. Red skin, itchy, flaky scales, crust of greasy patches and hair loss are the symptoms for scalp eczema. It occurs mainly due to extreme dryness of your scalp and inherited problems. Firstly, a sign of dandruff appears with flaky scales. Dandruff is treated with medicated dandruff shampoo. In infants, cradle cap is the term used for scalp eczema. It gets cured as the days cross by. In some cases, it must be treated with medicines given by child’s specialist.
How it appears
If you are found with scalp eczema, consult your doctor. You might get confused with scalp eczema, but there are many other skin diseases with same symptoms. Examine your scalp with your doctor and then take medicine for it. Malassezia furfur, is a kind of yeast which attacks the scalp and creates a superficial layer over the scalp which increases the secretion of fatty acid production. Atopic eczema occurs due to genetic factors.
Techniques to overcome scalp eczema
- Wash your hair with medicated shampoo. Massage your scalp gently with fingers and do not scrub it.
- Irritation aggravates more, when you start to scratch your itchy scalp vigorously.
- Alcohol based hair care products must be avoided to prevent loss of natural oil on the skin.
- Rinse your hair with lukewarm water is preferable.
For external application, over-the-counter shampoos and oils is to treat the scalp eczema. Here are the various types of shampoos to treat the scalp,
- Ketoconazole shampoo
- Selenium sulphide shampoo
- Salicyclic acid
- Tea tree oil
- Pyridine zinc shampoo
- Coal tar shampoo
Carrying out adverse effects
If scalp eczema aggravates using over-the-counter shampoos then consult your doctor to treat your scalp. Follow his guidance and be watchful to his details. Use prescribed products given by doctor such as lotions, shampoos and ointment. Expensive products like antifungal shampoos and topical corticosteroids can be used. It is very effective but side effects are severe enough to handle like skin irritation, burn and rashes.
Use the shampoo as per given in the prescribed pack. For infants, use milder shampoo to treat scalp eczema.