Sergio Marchionne, the manager who led the inconceivable transformation of Fiat Chrysler from a struggling automaker into a producing large, died on Wednesday after struggling issues from shoulder surgical procedure, the holding firm that based Fiat mentioned. He was 66.

“Unfortunately, what we feared has come to pass,” John Elkann, the chairman and chief govt of Exor, the corporate managed by the household that based Fiat, mentioned in an announcement. “Sergio Marchionne, man and friend, is gone.”

Mr. Marchionne was the chief govt of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles till final weekend, when he was eliminated after the seriousness of his situation grew to become clear.

When he took over Fiat in 2004, the Italian model was a faltering producer with few prospects for vital progress. It has since grown into an organization practically 10 instances as giant by market worth.

He spearheaded the 2009 rescue and takeover of Chrysler, which was on the verge of chapter, and the spinoff of the luxurious model Ferrari.

The takeover of Chrysler, specifically, was essential to cementing his legacy as a turnaround specialist.

As the Treasury Department in Washington was scrambling to forestall the collapse of a lot of the United States auto business within the wake of the monetary disaster, Mr. Marchionne stepped ahead with an audacious provide. Fiat would take management of Chrysler and supply vehicles and expertise to revive the sickest of the three Detroit automakers. There was a catch, nevertheless: The authorities must hand Chrysler over to Fiat totally free.

It was a hardball provide typical of Mr. Marchionne, a chain-smoking workaholic. But he knew the Treasury, in addition to Chrysler’s collectors and its labor union, had little room to barter. The American economic system was slipping deeper into recession, the collapse of Chrysler would have meant the lack of tens of hundreds of jobs and no different firm was keen to tackle the job.

That was the start of one of the vital exceptional rescues within the auto business, and the signature transfer of his profession.

This is a growing story and can be up to date shortly.

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